Category Archives: Quarterly

The Apartment Boom Is Ending, Long Live the White Picket Fence

“I recommend that every man own the roof that sheltereth him and his,” Arkad says. “Nor is it beyond the ability of any well-intentioned man to own his home.” Arkad argues that “to own his own domicile and to have it a place he is proud to care for, putteth confidence in his heart and greater effort behind all his endeavors.” — “The Richest Man in Babylon”

Key Takeaways

  • There are nearly 90 million Millennials in the U.S. today. Don’t stereotype them as debt-strapped city dwellers who will never seek the suburban dream.
  • Many members of Gen Y have good incomes and are in the prime years for getting married, starting families and yes, buying suburban homes in good school districts. They just start a little later.
  • Rents have never taken up a larger of the American worker’s paycheck. Would you bet on this trend continuing?
  • We believe strongly in real estate as a long-term investment, particularly in multifamily housing.
  • Private real estate investment generates “alpha” in a tax-efficient manner and is an excellent source of income in a world of near-zero or even negative interest rates.

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“Dream On” Presidential Election and Rate Hike Cycle Threaten the Markets

“I know nobody knows
Where it comes and where it goes

I know it’s everybody sin
You got to lose to know how to win”

— Aerosmith “Dream On


The next big worries putting pressure on the markets are the presidential election and the inevitable rise in interest rates. Some would argue that these headwinds are ultimately linked by politics. Although Republican nominee Trump may be the most unpredictable wildcard of all-time, we know from past Fortis letters pertaining to short-term volatility that “You got to lose to know how to win…” as legendary Aerosmith lead singer, Steven Tyler, would wail.

Rewind the clock about 250 years. Even then, our country’s Founding Fathers were planning for elections involving candidates much worse than the Donald and Hillary when they set up the checks and balances system of this great republic.

We expect a lot of media coverage, dissection and bar talk after Monday’s debate, followed by market volatility. But, let’s stay disciplined and look at history through the lens of our two apparent market threats—elections and rising interest rates. Both threats will certainly cause short-term instability, but they won’t be enough to change the business cycle dramatically in the near term. Remember, bear markets are caused by three things: recessions, global conflicts, and credit bubbles–not Presidential elections. But, that will be the topic for another Fortis letter.

Rate Hike Cycles    

There have been eight rate hike cycles going back to 1976 in which the Fed raised rates a minimum of 3 successive FOMC meetings.  The shortest cycle was nine months and the longest cycle was 39 months.

If you held a diversified portfolio consisting of 30 percent U.S. stocks (i.e. S&P 500), 30 percent global stocks (i.e. MSCI) and 40 percent Barclays AGG aggregate bonds you would have earned 8 percent annualized on average during the aforementioned cycles. Of the eight rising rate periods since 1976, there has never been an instance in which a diversified portfolio producing a negative return—that’s right never.

Here is a look at how the major asset classes performed during those cycles:

Domestic Stocks

  • One year up to the rate hike +18.1% vs. +11.6% historical average.
  • One year period following the final hike of the cycle, the S&P returned +14.6%.
  • During the rate hikes, stocks tend to perform worse than average, but still manage positive returns.


U.S. Bonds

  • AGG gained on average +11.4% in the 12 months after the rate hike cycle ends.
  • AGG returned 2.5% during the rate hike cycle.
  • In only two of the eight cycles did AGG have negative returns.



  • In the one-year period leading up to rate hikes, the MSCI EAFE Index delivered an average return of +25% vs. a historical +11% during rolling 12- month periods (not leading up to a rate hike).
  • During rising rate periods, the EAFE index posted a 14.5% average compound rate of return.
  • In the year following rate hikes, foreign stocks returned +11%.

Presidential Cycles

Fortis avoids making short-term based decisions on current events. You should be intellectually focused on the presidential elections, but we would not recommend making investment conclusions based on your favorite party or candidate.

According to Stock Trader’s Almanac, since 1833, the Dow Jones industrial Average has gained an average of 10.4 percent in the year before a presidential election, and nearly 6 percent, on average, during the actual election year. By contrast, the first and second years of a president’s term tend to be less robust: 2.5 percent and 4.2 percent, respectively. A notable recent exception was the election year 2008 coinciding with the global financial crisis. That’s when the Dow sank nearly 34 percent. (NOTE: Returns are based on price only and exclude dividends.)

As you can see in the chart below, one-year lagged returns for the two major parties are almost identical.


Here is an image of the the Presidential cycle, an imminent threat is not supported by historical data.



As most of you know, we encourage intellectual engagement at Fortis. The upcoming election and the interest rate cycle are certainly worthy of your attention and due diligence but we would not recommend making major portfolio decisions around “what if” scenarios. Let’s stay focused on a potential bear market caused by global conflict, recession or credit bubbles. Almost everything else is just short-term noise.

We are more concerned about the Deutsche Bank crisis right now that we are about the Trump vs. Hillary debates. A collapse of the venerable German banking behemoth would cause unknown ripples throughout the global economy. But for now, we stay the course.


“Yeah, sing with me, sing for the year
Sing for the laughter, sing for the tear
Sing with me, just for today
Maybe tomorrow, the good Lord will take you away

Dream on
Dream on
Dream on”
— Aerosmith “Dream On



Investors Screaming “Gimme Shelter” by Moving into a More Expensive Asset Class

Gimme Shelter
The Rolling Stones

Oh, a storm is threat’ning
My very life today
If I don’t get some shelter
Oh yeah, I’m gonna fade away

Key Takeaways

  • The demand for bond funds relative to stocks is believed to be the highest on record.
  • When you look at all historical stock market highs, we don’t normally see the level of individual investor pessimism that we see today.
  • Stocks are not necessarily over-valued today—and bonds are not necessarily a safe haven.
  • Let research and academic history be your guide—not your emotions.

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The World is Ending Again, Not so Much Again

Most people think investing is about the numbers, get the math right, but your money is really about the 7 inches in between your ears. Investing is psychological exercise filled with land mines based upon your personal biases.

The 2008 crisis caused the longest recency bias in history, the economic and emotional scars ran so deep, that investors are still carry their “crash binoculars” around their necks. The problem is those binoculars around their necks are choking off their long term returns.

Recency Bias tells us we’re inclined to use our recent experience as a baseline for what will happen in the future, the truth is that crashes are rare events, but corrections and volatility are frequent occurrences.

The S&P is now 221% off lows, but the green arrow on below chart shows the 16th correction of 5% or more in this secular bull market. During all 16 pullbacks, the internet was full of stories that the next 2008 was at hand—Greece, Brexit, China debt, Oil crash, etc.

Sensationalism is good for the media, but bad for your portfolio, discipline is good for your life and great for your finances, so make a plan and be disciplined. As the Godfather of value investing, Ben Graham said that “the investor’s chief problem-and even his worst enemy-is likely to be himself.”

Chart courtesy of Doug Short Blog.